Health officials in Orange County, CA, have confirmed three cases of campylobacteriosis infection associated with consumption of raw goat milk distributed by Claravale Farm of San Benito County, CA. All three patients are young children younger than 5. One patient was hospitalized, and all of them are expected to recover. raw goat milk was distributed throughout the state, and the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) is leading an investigation to determine if there are additional cases. While the CDPH investigation is ongoing, the Orange County Health Care Agency advises against consuming Claravale Farm raw goat milk. There is always a risk of illness associated with consumption of raw, or unpasteurized, milk products. The risk of getting sick from drinking raw milk is greatest for infants and young children, the elderly, pregnant women, and people with weakened immune systems, such as people with cancer or HIV/AIDS. Claravale Farm raw milk products were the subject of a statewide recall and quarantine order in March of this year after a positive Campylobacter test from samples of the farm’s raw milk and raw cream collected by the California Department of Public Health. And, in March 2012, the lab-confirmed presence of Campylobacter bacteria in raw cream from Claravale Farm led to another statewide recall and quarantine of all raw milk, raw nonfat milk and raw cream from the dairy. There were at least 9 cases of campylobacteriosis associated with unpasteurized milk products from Claravale Farm at that time. Campylobacteriosis is an infectious disease caused by the Campylobacter bacteria. Outbreaks of Campylobacter disease have most often been associated with unpasteurized dairy products, contaminated water, poultry, and produce. Most people who become ill with campylobacteriosis get diarrhea, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever within two to five days after exposure to the organism.