Inadequate seafood Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) plans and unacceptably high levels of antibiotic residue in the tissues of a slaughtered dairy cow were addressed in recently posted warning letters from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). FDA wrote to Foo Yuan Food Products Co. Inc. of Long Island City, NY, on May 28, 2015, to state that inspectors had found four “significant violations” of seafood HACCP regulations after three visits to the company’s facility in October 2014. FDA WarningSpecifically, FDA said that the company’s HACCP plan for its Fish Balls and Fried Fish Balls did not list a critical control point for cooking to control the food safety hazard of pathogen growth and toxin formation, for overnight refrigerated storage after cooling and before packaging for that purpose, and for refrigerated storage of the refrigerated finished products. Further, the agency recommended that the company’s HACCP plan include critical limits at the cooking critical control point sufficient to control Listeria monocytogenes in each cooked unit. The letter also noted that the critical limit listed in the company’s plans for the two products of “Packages are labeled to cook at 207°F for five minutes” at the “Packaging & Labeling” critical control point was not adequate to control Clostridium botulinum toxin formation. “Relying on consumers to conduct a cook adequate to control the food safety hazard of Clostridium botulinum toxin formation that is reasonably likely to occur throughout distribution of your refrigerated reduced oxygen packaged finished products is not appropriate,” FDA stated. The other two cited violations in the warning letter involved corrective actions in the company’s HACCP plan, which FDA found inappropriate, and allegedly inadequate sanitation control records. Adamba Imports International Inc., of Brooklyn, NY, was sent a warning letter on May 27 stating that the company’s imported refrigerated ready-to-eat (RTE) Herring Fillets in plastic containers and shelf-stable ready-to-eat Mackerel fillets Catalina Style in metal cans in concentrated tomato sauce must be processed according to seafood HACCP regulations. “However, your firm did not implement an affirmative step for RTE Herring fillets in plastic containers and canned Mackerel Fillets Catalina Style …,” the letter stated. Without prompt action to correct these violations, FDA said the agency could refuse admission to the U.S. of the imported products, place them in detention without physical examination, seize the products and/or stop the firm from further activities in violation of federal regulations. In a warning letter dated May 21, FDA told Bowman Dairy Farm LLC of Hagerstown, IN, that three agency inspections of the operation in late 2014 and early 2015 had revealed violations of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The letter stated that the dairy farm had sold a dairy cow for slaughter in June 2014 in which analysis of kidney tissue samples later found desfuroylceftiofur at 1.41 parts per million (ppm). FDA’s tolerance level is 0.4 ppm for residues of desfuroylceftiofur, the marker residue for ceftiofur, in the kidney tissue of cattle, the letter noted. “The presence of this drug in edible tissue from this animal in this amount causes the food to be adulterated …” FDA stated. In each letter, FDA requested that the companies provide written responses detailing steps taken to bring the facilities into compliance with food-safety laws and regulations, to correct violations cited in the letters, and to prevent their recurrence. Recipients of these warning letters have 15 working days from receipt to outline specific steps they have taken to come into compliance with the law.