There are still multiple endings that could be put on the raw-milk story told during the 2014 state legislative season. One popular theory is that the foodies and libertarians have joined hands in a great coalition to pass bills to legalize unpasteurized milk across the land. These theorists point to 40 bills introduced in 23 statehouses during the current legislative season. Another possibility is that not all that much has changed in 2014 except for the fact that raw milk advocates are now more visibly split in their ranks on the direction their movement should take. After Wisconsin’s “raw milk outlaw” Vernon Hershberger was found not guilty of operating without various licenses at the infamous Baraboo trial last year, his vocal opposition to GOP state Sen. Glenn Grothman’s bill to make licensed raw milk sales legal in Wisconsin became symbolic of the split. All states are equal, but not when it comes to raw milk. Wisconsin is America’s dairy state, with around $30 billion of pasteurized milk sales. After Hershberger came out against Grothman’s bill for raw milk sales that involved some licensing and regulation, the bill went nowhere and is now officially dead. Before the 2010 elections, the Wisconsin Legislature did make raw milk sales legal. However, Gov. Jim Doyle vetoed the bill and Grothman has since failed to get another raw milk bill passed. And the fact is the 2014 legislative season is already over in 19 states that either do not usually meet in election years or that have already adjourned. Another seven states join that list in just a few days. Except for the half-dozen states with year-round legislative bodies, most of the rest are shut down by mid-May. It is unlikely there will be any addition to the handful of states that permit raw milk to be sold at retail. The fights are mostly over regulatory tweaks and policies on farm sales and so-called cow-share schemes. With raw milk bills like these going back and forth, the tightening versus liberalization battle is more like the trench warfare of World War 1. When every legislative season is over, there are usually some slight changes back and forth, but not much in the way of wholesale changes. The two sides have their lines of debate down pat. Opponents tell how time and transportation of raw milk raise the risks that the harmful bacteria contained in unpasteurized milk pose real dangers to consumers, especially children. They have data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and horror stories on videotape told by raw milk victims and their grieving parents. Advocates of raw milk talk about “food freedom” and do not lack for testimonials from folks who drank raw milk all their lives and offer theories about how pasteurization kills bacteria in milk, but also eliminates other content that fights everything from allergies to autism. They say consumers should have a choice and dairy farmers should have an option for selling raw milk in the public square. In addition to occasionally appearing before criminal juries, raw milk advocates have also proven effective at playing defense. During the current legislative session, they turned out thousand of supporters in Illinois against a bill to ban the sale and distribution of raw milk. Illinois currently bans retail sales of raw milk, but allows farms to sell to the public. State Rep. Daniel J. Burke (D-Chicago) opted not to even try to move the bill to ban the farm sales out of committee after raw milk advocates buried members with phone calls and emails opposing it. Burke said he was persuaded after receiving “thousands of communications” not to interfere with raw milk because so many people find it beneficial. At the same time, opponents of raw milk just won a major battle in the unexpected state of California. Raw milk losing in California is unexpected because unpasteurized milk is legally sold at retail in the Golden State. Organic Pastures (OP) is the largest commercial raw milk dairy in the state, and its founder, Mark McAfee, is perhaps the country’s most effective raw milk advocate. But Assembly Bill 2505, the “Home Dairy Farm” bill introduced by Assemblywoman Mariko Yamada (D-Davis) just went down in flames in Sacramento. AB 2505 would have given California consumers the option of buying “fresh-from-the udder” raw milk from small farms that would be exempt from standards such as those that apply to OP and other commercial raw milk dairies in the state. But opponents quickly said the risks of such a scheme were greater than any benefit or “economic freedom.” Those who want fresh-from-the-udder milk do have that option in California, according to Assemblyman Brian Dahle (R-Bieber). “If you want to drink unpasteurized milk, buy a cow, milk the cow and drink the milk,” he said. “We don’t like to get into what people do at home — that’s your business — but when you start selling it, that’s our business.” AB 2505, which died in committee, was limited to home dairies with up to three lactating cows or 15 goats. It was opposed by a coalition of farm, dairy and health groups. About a month from now, both sides will climb out of their trenches and see if there are any battle lines that need to be redrawn. After that, there will be another legislative season in 2015.

  • Karen G Lyke

    People have been drinking raw cow’s milk ever since that possibility was recognized. This is not an issue of health and safety, this is a matter of money: operations who sanitize their product produced, transported, and processed in conditions of dubious cleanliness, because of poor quality unnatural feed (Brewer’s swill, GMO grains for grazing animals), unsanitary conditions (CAFOs),, and outright toxins (toxic equipment cleaning substances or illness from overcrowding), have invested huge amounts of money to pasteurize and process their milk — hoping to compensate for all these shortcomings. To have clean raw milk available eliminates the way to justify and pay for this huge monetary investment. How many more disasters from mass produced foodstuffs do we have to have before we acknowledge that bigger and more mechanized is NOT the way to go. Even bacteria have the sense to split into smaller, more localized units, when they reach a certain size.

    • Pasteurization existed long before CAFOs. It came about because raw milk was unsafe and was killing thousands of children.

      Only an idiot would support returning to a time when thousands of children die from the food they consume.

      Oh, I’m sorry, don’t want to come across rude. Not implying that you’re one of these idiots, or anything like that.

      • Milk Man

        No, it actually came about when cows were moved into cities during the industrial revolution, you idiot.

      • RawMilkNoRawFishYesWTF

        Yes, because they’re going to FORCE children and pregnant women to drink raw milk. You know, since all the pasteurized stuff will still be sold on the shelves, they’ll clearly be FORCED to die from pathogens.

        You are looking at this from an incredibly simplistic viewpoint. It is NOT the government’s job to tell me, if I’ve been informed that I have a small chance of becoming ill, that I cannot consume a substance in the manner I choose. It is NOT the government’s job to tell farmers what animal products they can or cannot sell to the public. Never has been, even if the government has taken that right from consumers.

  • Bill Pilacinski

    Is this fall-out from a society that has failed to adequately teach science or the ability to reason or a popular press that treats all sides of an issue as equally supportable? Drinking raw mile, failure to vaccinate against disease, opposition to GM crops with an established record of food safety – where do these people get get the information on which to based their reasoning?

    • It irritates the heck out of me to see concerns about GMO lumped in with pushback against vaccines and support of raw milk.

      Not unless you want to consider someone like Marion Nestle to be an anti-science crackpot?

  • Let’s correct the misinformation in your comment.

    The people of the UK do not have unfettered access to raw milk. Raw milk is illegal in
    Scotland, and in England, raw milk can only be sold by registered producers, and only directly from the farm or a farmer’s market. It can _not_ be sold in supermarkets.

    In 2009, there were only 102 registered producers. There is far less consumption of raw milk, per capita, in England than there is in the United States–about 1/10th of
    one percent, compared to our three percent, or so.

    If any change is likely to happen regarding raw milk in the UK, it will be to close
    down the business entirely, rather than let it expand.


    raised my 3 kid’s on milk right from the cow-made our own butter & cheese-Never had a problem & rather wish I still had access to it.

  • Brad

    That comment about milking your own cow is just idiotic. How many people live on a plot of land sufficient to support a cow? Not to mention that it’s not cost effective. What a dope!

  • FYI

    I would suggest checking the state’s Ag Dept.. They do allow raw milk sales only if you have under a particular number of animals – sheep or goats – but not cows. It can only be sold from the farm itself. Also, to make cheese it has to be cooked.