The Ranchers-Cattlemen Action Legal Fund, United Stockgrowers of America, known as R-CALF USA, wants the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point abandoned or revamped with an alternative meat inspection protocol.

The Billings, MT-based beef producer organization formally requested the action in a letter to USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack this week.  R-CALF USA says recently mandated increased microbial testing is not focused on large slaughter plants, but rather small downstream processors.

”…We are pleased the FSIS is admitting that substantial amounts of hazardous meat currently is shipped into commerce, in spite of the fact that the largest slaughter plants have now operated under HACCP for 12 years,” the letter states. “We are dismayed, however, that the agency’s increased validation demands are being focused primarily against the processing plants further downstream, the vast majority of which totally depend on meat purchased from upstream, source-slaughter providers.

“…FSIS-style HACCP has resulted in ongoing outbreaks and recurring recalls, which the agency uses as justification for increased microbial testing because HACCP plants ship such a high volume of hazardous raw meat and poultry into commerce bearing the official USDA Mark of Inspection,” the letter also states. 

Central to R-CALF USA’s food safety beliefs is that corrective actions must be implemented at the source-slaughtering plant (origin) of contaminated meat, rather than at destination plants, which essentially are powerless over the sanitation conditions at their source-slaughter providers.

R-CALF says it is greatly concerned the agency’s increased focus will not only create budgetary concerns that will remove the majority of small plants from federal and state inspection, but also will simultaneously insulate the true source of contaminated meat from adequate agency oversight, virtually guaranteeing ongoing shipment of hazardous meat into commerce. 

”The fact that FSIS strongly recommends the testing of incoming product constitutes an agency admission that the large source-slaughter plants continue to ship large amounts of contaminated/adulterated meat into commerce, (and) R-CALF USA believes the solution to this problem is to detect such meat at the slaughter plant of origin and require corrective actions at the source, not at the destination,” the letter states.

Current FSIS guidance will necessitate that plants essentially validate, via testing, not only HACCP plans, and all Pre-Requisite plans, but also a multitude of specialty products, which are the unique niche products that attract consumers to products emanating from small facilities.  In stark contrast, large slaughter plants primarily produce carcasses, trimmings, and boxed beef, necessitating only three areas to validate, at most. Small plants, which have substantially less sales revenue and that are dependent on the manufacture and distribution of specialty items, will be burdened with enormous increases in microbial testing expenditures, which their revenues cannot sustain.

The American Association of Meat Processors estimates the initial cost for the increased testing of ready-to-eat products by smaller plants at $12,000 per product line, and $3,600 per product line in future years.

R-CALF USA is concerned that small, inspected plants, which are vital to livestock producers across America, will quickly disappear, eliminating essential services needed by small, local producers. At the same time President Obama and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are advocating the “Know your Farmer, Know your Food” program, this agency mandate to increase microbial sampling will further separate consumers from producers because it will result in a lack of processing facilities required to process locally grown livestock. This policy will effectively undercut the stated goals of USDA and will result in an increased dependence on imported meat.


“R-CALF USA is concerned that while the agency’s mandate for increased microbial testing is focused as close to the consumer as possible (at the downstream plants), such testing is also focused as far away as possible from the source-slaughter plants, which are the origins of enteric bacteria,” said R-CALF USA HACCP Committee Chair John Munsell.

“By FSIS admission, the largest plants constitute only 7 percent of all federally inspected plants, but produce 90 percent of our meat. We suggest that 90 percent or more of agency mandated microbial testing must be focused at the source, not the destination of meat products.”


R-CALF USA would be more willing to endorse this agency mandate for increased microbial testing if such testing would result in safer food. However, since the true origin of contamination with enteric pathogens continues to remain off the agency’s enforcement radar, increased testing costs would produce no benefits for public health, while effectively eviscerating America of its small plants. 

”Lastly, R-CALF USA is greatly concerned that FSIS firmly believes our current HACCP system is so ineffective that the agency perceives that greatly increased microbial testing must be implemented for validation purposes, and agency demands for increased testing are symptomatic of an underlying danger, namely the ineffectiveness of FSIS-style HACCP,” the letter states. “R-CALF USA respectfully recommends a thorough overhaul of the agency’s current HACCP methodology.”