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Mad Cow: No Problems Found in Feed Records

Investigators found no irregularities in the feed records at the California dairy where a 10-year-old cow last month was confirmed to have had bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, or mad cow disease), the U.S. Department of Agriculture stated in a follow-up report this week.

The May 15 report to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) also said units of all the feed suppliers to the dairy showed they were in compliance with regulations.

The report, by the USDA’s John Clifford, DVM, reiterated that in this BSE case, the fourth confirmed in the U.S. and the first since 2006, the cow was culled because it was lame, never presented for slaughter for human consumption, did not enter the food suppy and “at no time presented any risk to human health.”

The BSE cow was born at the dairy. Investigators identified two of the cow’s calves and said one born in the last 2 years was stillborn, while another, still living, was humanely euthanized, and tested and found to be negative for BSE.  

The case has been described as atypical BSE, which may be caused by a mutation rather than by eating contaminated feed, the usual cause of the disease.

© Food Safety News
  • let’s review the triple BSE mad cow firewall the USDA APHIS FSIS et al speak so highly of shall we.
    Specified Risk Materials SRMs
    Mad Cow banned feed in commerce
    BSE mad cow surveillance
    2nd failed mad cow triple mad cow interlocking safeguard ;
    “The second safeguard is a strong feed ban that protects cattle from the disease.”
    California 2004
    Public Health Service Food and Drug Administration
    San Francisco District 1431 Harbor Bay Parkway Alameda, CA 94502-7070 Telephone: 510/337-6700
    Our Reference No. 1000123954
    June 23, 2004
    Ronald M. Foster, Manager Randall C. Boyce, Manager Trevor O. Foster, Manager George P. Foster, Manager Fresno Farming LLC P.O. Box 457 1000 Davis Street Livingston, California
    Dear Mssrs. Foster, Boyce, Foster, and Foster:
    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted an inspection of your medicated animal feed mill operation, Fresco Farming LLC, located in Traver, California from April 14, 2004 through May 6, 2004, and found significant deviations from the requirements set forth in Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations, Section 589.2000 (21 C.F.R. 589.2000) – Animal Proteins Prohibited in Ruminant Feed. The regulation is intended to prevent the establishment and amplification of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). Because you failed to follow this rule, products you manufactured and distributed are adulterated within the meaning of Section 402(a)(4) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act) because they were prepared, packed, or held under insanitary conditions whereby they may have been rendered injurious to health.
    Our inspection found the following violations of 21 C.F.R. 589.2000:
    1. Failure to provide for measures to avoid commingling or cross-contamination of products that contain or may contain protein derived from mammalian tissues into animal protein or feeds that may be used for ruminants to comply with 21 C.F.R. 589.2000(e)(1)(iii).
    * Your firm uses a vacuum system to clean up spilled product in the tunnel area. This tunnel area houses the two receiving conveyor systems and the elevators for the two conveyor systems. When product, including ruminant meat and bone meal, is spilled onto the floor of this area, the spilled product is vacuumed up by the vacuum system and, via a discharge hose, was placed into a conveyor system that your firm had designated as free of ruminant meat and bone meal. Your firm admitted that it was unaware of the vacuum system discharging into the conveyor systems designated as free of ruminant meat and bone meal and that this had been in place since April 2003. Your firm remedied this problem during FDA s April/May 2004 inspection by removing the discharge hose connection to the conveyer system that your firm had designated as free of ruminant meat and bone meal . * Your firm uses a dust collection system that pulls dust from systems that receive both ruminant meat and bone meal and feed ingredients intended for ruminants. This dust system then discharged collected product back into the two conveyor systems via a cross connection, thereby making it likely that ruminant meat and bone meal became commingled with ruminant feed ingredients. Your firm admitted that it was unaware of the cross connection and that it had been in place since April 2003. Your firm removed the cross connection during FDA s April/May 2004 inspection.
    2. Failure to maintain written procedures specifying the clean-out procedure or other means, and specifying the procedures for separating products that contain or may contain protein derived from mammalian tissue from all other protein products from the time of receipt until the time of shipment, to comply with 21 C.F.R. 589.2000(e)(1)(iv). This observation was also noted during FDA s July/August 2003 inspection of your firm.
    * There are no written procedures for separating products that contain prohibited material from ingredients used in ruminant feeds from the time of receipt until the time of shipment. * The written procedure for cleaning out or flushing equipment after mixing feeds containing prohibited material was not adequate to prevent contamination of ruminant feed with prohibited material.
    3. Failure to maintain records sufficient to track materials that contain protein derived from mammalian tissues throughout their receipt, processing, and distribution to comply with 21 C.F.R. 589.2000(e)(1)(i). This observation was also noted during FDA s July/August 2003 inspection of your firm.
    * Specifically, your firm has failed to develop and implement complete written procedures to separate ruminant meat and bone meal from feed ingredients intended for ruminants from the time of receipt until the time of distribution. The written procedures that do exist fail to address the use of equipment common to ruminant meat and bone meal and ruminant feed ingredients.
    The above is not intended to be an all-inclusive list of deficiencies at your facility. As a manufacturer of materials intended for use as animal feed, you are responsible for assuring that your overall operation and the products you manufacture and distribute are in compliance with the law. You should take prompt action to correct these violations, and you should establish a system whereby such violations do not recur. Failure to promptly correct these violations may result in regulatory action without further notice, such as seizure and/or injunction.
    You should notify this office in writing within fifteen (15) working days of receiving this letter of the steps you have taken to bring your firm into compliance with the law. Your response should include an explanation of each step being taken to correct the violations and prevent their recurrence. If corrective actions cannot be completed in fifteen (15) working days, state the reason for the delay and the date by which the corrections will be completed. Include copies of any available documentation demonstrating that corrections have been made.
    Please send your reply to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Attention: Ms. Harumi Kishida, Compliance Officer, 1431 Harbor Bay Parkway, Alameda, California 94502-7070. If you have questions regarding this letter, please contact Ms. Kishida at (510) 337-6824.
    CD Moss, Acting DD for Barbara J. Cassens District Director San Francisco District
    cc: VIA CERTIFIED MAIL RETURN RECEIPT REQUESTED C. Michael Blasco, Feed Mill Manager Fresno Farming LLC P.O. Box 430 Traver, California 93673
    SO, can’t find the herd mates of this atypical BASE L type BSE case in California. did anyone really think they would with the traceability (or lack of) of the other mad cow cases in the USA, and their herdmates. nope, instead, aphis et al will just say no big deal. OH, and about that triple mad cow fire wall everyone at aphis/usda/fsis is so proud of ; SRM FEED SURVEILLANCE i assure you, and i can prove beyond any shadow of any doubt in the link below, all 3 of the USDA BSE triple fire walls have failed terribly. it was nothing but ink on paper $$$ i lost my mom to the hvCJD, and sporadic CJD has now been linked with atypical BSE here in North America. i don’t make this stuff up, these are the scientific facts, and feed ban warning letters in TONNAGE, SRM breach’s, and failed and fraudulent BSE surveillance reports, some FOIA records, as i have recorded them since December 14, 1997. i probably missed some of them. ….
    this is going to be long. there are too many mad cow feed ban warning letters and recalls of mad cow feed in commerce to list all of them here now, but here are a few 100s of ? tonnages of banned mad cow protein in commerce since the partial and voluntary mad cow feed ban was put into place August 4, 1997. this is not all by any means, just a few old warning letters in my files. remember, .005 gram is lethal. let’s start from 2007, the last year that the FDA et al publically published the mad cow feed ban warning letters, and then we will go back year by year, to August 4, 1997, when the partial and voluntary mad cow feed ban was put into effect…or rather inked on paper, because that’s about all that happened.
    IN the link below, you can find California mad cow feed ban warning letter and many, many more. tonnage of mad cow feed in commerce 2000-2011, SRM, FEED, and surveillance breachers. to see the feed ban warning letters, skroll down a bit to get to them…….terry
    Friday, May 18, 2012
    Update from APHIS Regarding a Detection of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) in the United States Friday May 18, 2012
    can someone here please show everyone the test the USDA et al used to show this l-type atypical base bse was NOT from feed ???
    please show everyone that test, or was that just another made up story ???
    facts are ;
    this is only a myth, the usda et al seem to have said long enough, they now believe as factual science. it is _not_, however, they want the consumer to believe it as such.
    please see ;
    How the California cow got the disease remains unknown. Government officials expressed confidence that contaminated food was not the source, saying the animal had atypical L-type BSE, a rare variant not generally associated with an animal consuming infected feed. However, a BSE expert said that consumption of infected material is the only known way that cattle get the disease under natural conditons. “In view of what we know about BSE after almost 20 years experience, contaminated feed has been the source of the epidemic,” said Paul Brown, a scientist retired from the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke.
    BSE is not caused by a microbe. It is caused by the misfolding of the so-called “prion protein” that is a normal constituent of brain and other tissues.
    If a diseased version of the protein enters the brain somehow, it can slowly cause all the normal versions to become misfolded.
    It is possible the disease could arise spontaneously, though such an event has never been recorded, Brown said.
    Friday, May 11, 2012
    Experimental H-type bovine spongiform encephalopathy characterized by plaques and glial- and stellate-type prion protein deposits
    In addition, the present data will support risk assessments in some peripheral tissues derived from cattle affected with H-type BSE.
    MAD COW USDA ATYPICAL L-TYPE BASE BSE, the rest of the story…
    ***Oral Transmission of L-type Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy in Primate Model
    ***Infectivity in skeletal muscle of BASE-infected cattle
    ***feedstuffs- It also suggests a similar cause or source for atypical BSE in these countries.
    ***Also, a link is suspected between atypical BSE and some apparently sporadic cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans.
    full text ;
    atypical L-type BASE BSE