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Ban, Testing Helped in Discovery of 4th Mad Cow

A six-year span without any bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) cases in the U.S. is over as the prion disease has again been discovered in the nation’s cattle herd.

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A dairy cow in a central California dairy has been diagnosed with atypical BSE —  mad-cow disease —  according to both state and federal officials.  It is the fourth such infected animal discovered since 2003.

But “there is no public health threat due to the discovery of BSE in a dairy cow,” said Dr. Ron Chapman, director of the California Department of Public Health. “The food supply in California has not been affected by this discovery, and residents do not need to take any special precautions.”

Chapman said the detection “is evidence that the system of safeguards is working.”  He said the cow in question was not destined to be slaughtered for food for human consumption and BSE is not transmitted in milk.

The BSE-infected cow is now nothing more than a carcass being held under the authority of Chapman’s office at one of central California’s four rendering facilities.

Ground zero for this mad cow was likely Hanford, CA, where it was sidelined for testing at a rendering plant transfer station that removes hides from carcasses.  Hanford is located in California’s Central Valley, 30 miles south of Fresno.

Late Tuesday, the Huffington Post quoted a manager with Los Angeles-based Baker Commodities, which owns a rendering plant 50 miles from Hanford at Kerman, CA.  Dennis Luckey told HP a tissue sample was randomly collected from the implicated cow on April 18 and originally sent to the University of California, Davis.

Test results at UC Davis were inconclusive, but the National Veterinary Services Laboratories at Ames, IA returned positive results for BSE on Tuesday.

The Veterinary Services Lab also said this BSE was atypical, the very rare form of the disease that researchers say is not generally associated with an animal consuming infected feed.

It is not yet known which dairy farm in the area sent the BSE-infected cow to the rendering station.

USDA disclosed the mad cow discovery Tuesday shortly after commodity markets closed, following some volatile beef trading. Although the activity might not have been connected to the BSE issue, the Wall Street Journal reported that rumors were rampant.

John Clifford, USDA’s chief veterinary officer, said in a news release that the animal carcass would now be destroyed at the facility where it is being held.

The USDA officials did not say it, but they also might have been lucky.  The BSE-infected cow went to a rendering plant where USDA just happened to be taking tissue samples to test for mad cow on a regular basis.

The sample that returned the positive test result was one of 40,000 samples the department is taking on an annual basis.

However, the fact that a downer dairy cow went to a rendering plant, rather than a meat-slaughter plant, has everything to do with the 2009 regulation that outlawed turning non-ambulatory disabled animals into meat meant for human consumption.

Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack imposed the current total ban on the slaughter of so-called “downer” cows, which can include those with BSE.  About this mad cow discovery, Vilsack said:  “USDA has no reason to believe that any other U.S. animals are currently affected, but we will remain vigilant and committed to the safeguards in place.”

The Center for Science in the Public Interest also issued a statement saying “there is no reason to believe the beef or milk supply is unsafe.”

“If the cow were exposed to the typical strain of BSE via animal feed — and the government says that’s not the case here — that would represent a significant failure,” it said. Had the BSE been feed-related,  CSPI said the U.S. would have been hampered in its investigation by the lack of an effective animal ID system.

Was the implicated cow intended to be turned into pet food? According to the Food and Drug Administration: “Dogs, birds, reptiles and horses are not known to be susceptible to the infectious agent that causes BSE in cattle. However, cats are susceptible.”

The FDA says approximately 90 cats in the UK and several cats in other European countries were diagnosed with the feline version of BSE, or FSE, through commercial cat food or through meat scraps provided by butchers until implementation of BSE-related feed bans in those countries.

California joins Washington state, Texas and Alabama in experiencing the discovery of a mad cow within its borders. BSE is called mad-cow disease became it is a brain-wasting condition that can be transmitted to humans from eating beef that contains bits of the brain, spinal cord or digestive tract from infected cattle.

The first BSE-infected cow in the U.S. was found near Mabton, WA on Dec. 23, 2003.  Two others were discovered later, one in Texas in 2005 and another in Alabama in 2006.

USDA does not expect the discovery of a fourth mad cow to change its BSE status under the World Animal Health system; Clifford said the U.S. will share its tests with laboratories in England and Canada.

Worldwide, there were 29 BSE cases in 2011, a 99 percent reduction since the peak of 37,311 cases in 1992. Clifford attributed the dramatic decline to feed bans as the primary control measure.

Eating BSE-contaminated meat can cause the human prion disease known as variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.  The deadly nerve disease is extremely rare and the few cases treated in the U.S. are believed to have originated in the United Kingdom and Saudi Arabia.

A mad cow outbreak in the UK that peaked in 1993 resulted in more than 150 human deaths and the need to destroy about 150,000 head of cattle.

© Food Safety News
  • *** BANNED MAD COW FEED IN THE USA IN COMMERCE TONS AND TONS
    THIS is just ONE month report, of TWO recalls of prohibited banned MBM, which is illegal, mixed with 85% blood meal, which is still legal, but yet we know the TSE/BSE agent will transmit blood. we have this l-BSE in North America that is much more virulent and there is much concern with blood issue and l-BSE as there is with nvCJD in humans. some are even starting to be concerned with sporadic CJD and blood, and there are studies showing transmission there as well. … this is one month recall page, where 10 MILLION POUNDS OF BANNED MAD COW FEED WENT OUT INTO COMMERCE, TO BE FED OUT. very little of the product that reaches commerce is ever returned via recall, very, very little. this was 2007, TEN YEARS AFTER THE AUGUST 4, 1997, PARTIAL AND VOLUNTARY MAD COW FEED BAN IN THE USA, that was nothing but ink on paper. i have listed the tonnage of mad cow feed that was in ALABAMA in one of the links too, this is where the infamous g-h-BSEalabama case was, a genetic relation matching the new sporadic CJD in the USA. seems this saga just keeps getting better and better…….$$$
    10,000,000+ LBS. of PROHIBITED BANNED MAD COW FEED I.E. BLOOD LACED MBM IN COMMERCE USA 2007
    Date: March 21, 2007 at 2:27 pm PST
    RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETERINARY MEDICINES — CLASS II
    ___________________________________
    PRODUCT
    Bulk cattle feed made with recalled Darling’s 85% Blood Meal, Flash Dried, Recall # V-024-2007
    CODE
    Cattle feed delivered between 01/12/2007 and 01/26/2007
    RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
    Pfeiffer, Arno, Inc, Greenbush, WI. by conversation on February 5, 2007.
    Firm initiated recall is ongoing.
    REASON
    Blood meal used to make cattle feed was recalled because it was cross- contaminated with prohibited bovine meat and bone meal that had been manufactured on common equipment and labeling did not bear cautionary BSE statement.
    VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
    42,090 lbs.
    DISTRIBUTION
    WI
    ___________________________________
    PRODUCT
    Custom dairy premix products: MNM ALL PURPOSE Pellet, HILLSIDE/CDL Prot- Buffer Meal, LEE, M.-CLOSE UP PX Pellet, HIGH DESERT/ GHC LACT Meal, TATARKA, M CUST PROT Meal, SUNRIDGE/CDL PROTEIN Blend, LOURENZO, K PVM DAIRY Meal, DOUBLE B DAIRY/GHC LAC Mineral, WEST PIONT/GHC CLOSEUP Mineral, WEST POINT/GHC LACT Meal, JENKS, J/COMPASS PROTEIN Meal, COPPINI – 8# SPECIAL DAIRY Mix, GULICK, L-LACT Meal (Bulk), TRIPLE J – PROTEIN/LACTATION, ROCK CREEK/GHC MILK Mineral, BETTENCOURT/GHC S.SIDE MK-MN, BETTENCOURT #1/GHC MILK MINR, V&C DAIRY/GHC LACT Meal, VEENSTRA, F/GHC LACT Meal, SMUTNY, A- BYPASS ML W/SMARTA, Recall # V-025-2007
    CODE
    The firm does not utilize a code – only shipping documentation with commodity and weights identified.
    RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
    Rangen, Inc, Buhl, ID, by letters on February 13 and 14, 2007. Firm initiated recall is complete.
    REASON
    Products manufactured from bulk feed containing blood meal that was cross contaminated with prohibited meat and bone meal and the labeling did not bear cautionary BSE statement.
    VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
    9,997,976 lbs.
    DISTRIBUTION
    ID and NV
    END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR MARCH 21, 2007
    http://www.fda.gov/Safety/Recalls/EnforcementReports/2007/ucm120446.htm
    Saturday, August 14, 2010
    BSE Case Associated with Prion Protein Gene Mutation (g-h-BSEalabama) and VPSPr PRIONPATHY
    *** (see mad cow feed in COMMERCE IN ALABAMA…TSS)
    BANNED MAD COW FEED IN COMMERCE IN ALABAMA
    Date: September 6, 2006 at 7:58 am PST PRODUCT
    a) EVSRC Custom dairy feed, Recall # V-130-6;
    b) Performance Chick Starter, Recall # V-131-6;
    c) Performance Quail Grower, Recall # V-132-6;
    d) Performance Pheasant Finisher, Recall # V-133-6.
    CODE None RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER Donaldson & Hasenbein/dba J&R Feed Service, Inc., Cullman, AL, by telephone on June 23, 2006 and by letter dated July 19, 2006. Firm initiated recall is complete.
    REASON
    Dairy and poultry feeds were possibly contaminated with ruminant based protein.
    VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE 477.72 tons
    DISTRIBUTION AL
    ______________________________
    http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00968.html
    PRODUCT Bulk custom dairy pre-mixes,
    Recall # V-120-6 CODE None RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER Ware Milling Inc., Houston, MS, by telephone on June 23, 2006. Firm initiated recall is complete. REASON Possible contamination of dairy animal feeds with ruminant derived meat and bone meal.
    VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE 350 tons
    DISTRIBUTION AL and MS
    ______________________________
    PRODUCT
    a) Tucker Milling, LLC Tm 32% Sinking Fish Grower, #2680-Pellet, 50 lb. bags, Recall # V-121-6;
    b) Tucker Milling, LLC #31120, Game Bird Breeder Pellet, 50 lb. bags, Recall # V-122-6;
    c) Tucker Milling, LLC #31232 Game Bird Grower, 50 lb. bags, Recall # V-123-6;
    d) Tucker Milling, LLC 31227-Crumble, Game Bird Starter, BMD Medicated, 50 lb bags, Recall # V-124-6;
    e) Tucker Milling, LLC #31120, Game Bird Breeder, 50 lb bags, Recall # V-125-6;
    f) Tucker Milling, LLC #30230, 30 % Turkey Starter, 50 lb bags, Recall # V-126-6;
    g) Tucker Milling, LLC #30116, TM Broiler Finisher, 50 lb bags, Recall # V-127-6
    CODE All products manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/20/2006 RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER Recalling Firm: Tucker Milling LLC, Guntersville, AL, by telephone and visit on June 20, 2006, and by letter on June 23, 2006. Manufacturer: H. J. Baker and Brothers Inc., Stamford, CT. Firm initiated recall is ongoing.
    REASON Poultry and fish feeds which were possibly contaminated with ruminant based protein were not labeled as “Do not feed to ruminants”.
    VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE 7,541-50 lb bags
    DISTRIBUTION AL, GA, MS, and TN
    END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 9, 2006
    ###
    http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/ENFORCE/2006/ENF00964.html
    Subject: MAD COW FEED RECALL AL AND FL VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE 125 TONS Products manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/06/2006
    Date: August 6, 2006 at 6:16 pm PST PRODUCT
    a) CO-OP 32% Sinking Catfish, Recall # V-100-6;
    b) Performance Sheep Pell W/Decox/A/N, medicated, net wt. 50 lbs, Recall # V-101-6;
    c) Pro 40% Swine Conc Meal — 50 lb, Recall # V-102-6;
    d) CO-OP 32% Sinking Catfish Food Medicated, Recall # V-103-6;
    e) “Big Jim’s” BBB Deer Ration, Big Buck Blend, Recall # V-104-6;
    f) CO-OP 40% Hog Supplement Medicated Pelleted, Tylosin 100 grams/ton, 50 lb. bag, Recall # V-105-6;
    g) Pig Starter Pell II, 18% W/MCDX Medicated 282020, Carbadox — 0.0055%, Recall # V-106-6;
    h) CO-OP STARTER-GROWER CRUMBLES, Complete Feed for Chickens from Hatch to 20 Weeks, Medicated, Bacitracin Methylene Disalicylate, 25 and 50 Lbs, Recall # V-107-6;
    i) CO-OP LAYING PELLETS, Complete Feed for Laying Chickens, Recall # 108-6;
    j) CO-OP LAYING CRUMBLES, Recall # V-109-6;
    k) CO-OP QUAIL FLIGHT CONDITIONER MEDICATED, net wt 50 Lbs, Recall # V-110-6;
    l) CO-OP QUAIL STARTER MEDICATED, Net Wt. 50 Lbs, Recall # V-111-6;
    m) CO-OP QUAIL GROWER MEDICATED, 50 Lbs, Recall # V-112-6 CODE
    Product manufactured from 02/01/2005 until 06/06/2006
    RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER Alabama Farmers Cooperative, Inc., Decatur, AL, by telephone, fax, email and visit on June 9, 2006. FDA initiated recall is complete.
    REASON Animal and fish feeds which were possibly contaminated with ruminant based protein not labeled as “Do not feed to ruminants”.
    VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE 125 tons
    DISTRIBUTION AL and FL
    END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR AUGUST 2, 2006
    ###
    http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00963.html
    MAD COW FEED RECALL USA EQUALS 10,878.06 TONS NATIONWIDE Sun Jul 16, 2006 09:22 71.248.128.67
    RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETERINARY MEDICINE — CLASS II
    ______________________________
    PRODUCT
    a) PRO-LAK, bulk weight, Protein Concentrate for Lactating Dairy Animals, Recall # V-079-6;
    b) ProAmino II, FOR PREFRESH AND LACTATING COWS, net weight 50lb (22.6 kg), Recall # V-080-6;
    c) PRO-PAK, MARINE & ANIMAL PROTEIN CONCENTRATE FOR USE IN ANIMAL FEED, Recall # V-081-6;
    d) Feather Meal, Recall # V-082-6 CODE
    a) Bulk
    b) None
    c) Bulk
    d) Bulk
    RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER H. J. Baker & Bro., Inc., Albertville, AL, by telephone on June 15, 2006 and by press release on June 16, 2006. Firm initiated recall is ongoing.
    REASON
    Possible contamination of animal feeds with ruminent derived meat and bone meal.
    VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE 10,878.06 tons
    DISTRIBUTION Nationwide
    END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR July 12, 2006
    ###
    http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2006/ENF00960.html
    please see full text ;
    http://prionpathy.blogspot.com/2010/08/bse-case-associated-with-prion-protein.html
    Seven main threats for the future linked to prions
    First threat
    The TSE road map defining the evolution of European policy for protection against prion diseases is based on a certain numbers of hypotheses some of which may turn out to be erroneous. In particular, a form of BSE (called atypical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy), recently identified by systematic testing in aged cattle without clinical signs, may be the origin of classical BSE and thus potentially constitute a reservoir, which may be impossible to eradicate if a sporadic origin is confirmed.
    ***Also, a link is suspected between atypical BSE and some apparently sporadic cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans. These atypical BSE cases constitute an unforeseen first threat that could sharply modify the European approach to prion diseases.
    Second threat
    snip…
    http://www.neuroprion.org/en/np-neuroprion.html
    Saturday, March 5, 2011
    MAD COW ATYPICAL CJD PRION TSE CASES WITH CLASSIFICATIONS PENDING ON THE RISE IN NORTH AMERICA
    http://transmissiblespongiformencephalopathy.blogspot.com/2011/03/mad-cow-atypical-cjd-prion-tse-cases.html
    Sunday, February 12, 2012
    National Prion Disease Pathology Surveillance Center Cases Examined1 (August 19, 2011) including Texas
    http://transmissiblespongiformencephalopathy.blogspot.com/2012/02/national-prion-disease-pathology.html
    Monday, April 16, 2012
    Continuing Enhanced National Surveillance for Prion Diseases in the United States
    http://transmissiblespongiformencephalopathy.blogspot.com/2012/04/continuing-enhanced-national.html
    Thursday, April 12, 2012
    Health professions and risk of sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease, 1965 to 2010
    Eurosurveillance, Volume 17, Issue 15, 12 April 2012
    Research articles
    http://creutzfeldt-jakob-disease.blogspot.com/2012/04/health-professions-and-risk-of-sporadic.html
    see full text please ;
    Tuesday, April 24, 2012
    MAD COW DISEASE USA 4TH CASE DOCUMENTED ATYPICAL BSE CALIFORNIA
    http://transmissiblespongiformencephalopathy.blogspot.com/2012/04/mad-cow-disease-usa-4th-case-documented.html

  • See “What’s In Your Gullet: Raging Pink Meaty Hormones for Fun & Profit” for a segment on mad cow disease (by Bait and Switch TV: Investigative Satire)…
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vBa-2KwNGP4&feature=plcp&context=C409d202VDvjVQa1PpcFObmnVZZK0HkKUy4FPe-Mh0NnNA8LUoVQM=