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USDA Has New Scheme to Trace Animal Disease

For most of the past decade, the U.S. Department of Agriculture

tried to get farmers and ranchers to accept the National Animal

Identification System (NAIS) without success.

NAIS

was to be a high tech solution, with top down coverage of nearly every

critter on the land. But, as everybody in rural America knows, NAIS is

dead.

Still U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom

Vilsack has every reason to worry about tuberculosis, brucellosis,

scabies, pseudorabies, hog cholera and like animal diseases.  So to

improve the traceability of U.S. livestock moving through interstate

commerce when animal diseases do strike, Vilsack Tuesday rolled out a

new, decidedly low tech tracking system.

With

an annual cost estimated at $14.5 million, the new animal disease

traceability scheme  will rely on state and tribal governments, apply

only to animals sold across state lines, and will be flexible about

whatever the parties work out for identification–tags, tattoos, brands

or pretty much, whatever works.

No radio

frequency or bar code ID will be required and Elsie the goat who lives

her entire life on the farm will never have to be involved.

The new regulations will be published in the Federal Register on Thursday and public comments will be accepted until Nov. 9.

In

a media conference call, Vilsack outlined a traceability program that

appears to rest upon two states or a state and tribal government having

agreement on how animals in interstate commerce can be monitored.

Vilsack

said USDA’s approach this time is based on only worrying about

interstate commerce, being flexible, low-tech, and having arapid

response.  He said the focus may end up being on cattle because the

sheep industry has an effective tracking system in place.

USDA’s new proposal was developed after holding eight public meetings and gaining insight from a working group.

Without

traceability, Vilsack said animal disease investigations taking 150

days or longer are unacceptable from the public health viewpoint and

impose greater economic costs on producers than need be.

He

said the traceability system will not prevent disease but it will

reduce the time and number of animals caught up in an investigation.

The

lack to an ID system that can trace an animal to a specific farm is one

of the reasons China gives for blocking its market to U.S. beef.  In an

acknowledgement that the new regulations alone would probably not open

China to U.S. beef, Vilsack said:  “We have significant issues with them

(the Chinese).”

Congress, which shutoff

funding for the NAIS, must financially support the new regulations if

they are to be successful.  “I think there is a good case to be made

that they will have a good return on investment,” Vilsack said.

Dr. John Clifford, chief veterinary officer of the U.S., responded to controversy that has already come up over brands.

The

Billings, MT-based cattleman’s groups known at R-CALF USA is concerned

that “hot-iron” brands won’t be recognized border-to-border.  Clifford

points out that only 14 states still use brands.

“This is a bad deal for independent U.S. cattle producers,” opined R-CALF’s Kenny Fox.

The Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.ofr.gov/OFRUpload/OFRData/2011-20281_PI.pdf.

Postal

Mail/Commercial Delivery: Send to Docket No. APHIS-2009-0091,

Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A-03.8, 4700

River Road, Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-1238.

Supporting

documents and any comments we receive on this docket may be viewed at

www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=APHIS-2009-0091 or in the reading

room, which is located in room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th

Street and Independence Ave., SW., Washington, DC, between 8 a.m. and

4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding holidays. 

To facilitate entry into the comment reading room, call 202-690-2817. 

© Food Safety News
  • Corrinne N

    You want to ship food overseas then it is YOUR problem to provide traceability!
    What does HACCP, traceability and the World Trade Organization do for the USA???
    It gives us NEW DISEASES!!! THAT”S WHAT!
    The US imported 2.5 million live cattle from Canada with BSE (now found in USA) and from Mexico with tuberculosis (now found in USA), brucellosis (now found in USA) cattle tick fever, (now found in USA) Trypanosoma cruz,, (now found in USA), Bluetongue (now found in USA), and Vesicular stomatitis.
    “..new disease challenges are emerging. Some are domestic diseases that are increasing in significance. Others are foreign diseases that may be imported as result of the exponential increases in international importations of animals and animal products. Our industries and our economy are threatened by diseases and pests that heretofore we only read about in disease text books…” http://www.tahc.state.tx.us/agency/TAHC_Strategic_Plan_2009-2013.pdf
    Since HACCP and WTO the food borne illness caused by meat and seafood more than doubled.
    If the US government was actually concerned about the health of citizens instead of the wallets of ConAgri, ADM and Monsanto, then we would get back our old food safety system. You know the one that produced the SAFEST FOOD IN THE WORLD??? Also the government would not be shutting down testing labs, scaling food testing back to laughable levels, and allowing untested food and live animals across our borders.
    Do you really think we are still that uninformed???
    Disgruntled Quality Engineer