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Should Limits Be Put On ‘Spent Cows?’

In areas of India where the Hindu majority holds sway, “spent cows” wander freely because they are considered sacred as motherly figures that gave people milk.

In the United States, it’s a little more complicated.   By some estimates, as much as 17 percent of the U.S. beef supply comes from cows no longer able to economically produce milk.

More often than not, “spent cows” are sold for slaughter to provide meat for human consumption.  A dairy might decide a cow is “spent” for any number of reasons such as mastitis, udder infection, foot rot, and calcium depletion.  “Downer cows,” such as those mistreated recently at the Chino slaughterhouse, are the examples of the most debilitated “spent cows.”

A week rarely goes by without one or more dairies in the U.S. being warned about abuse of animal drugs used to medicate “spent cows” just before they are sold for slaughter.  It often results in antibiotics being found in the edible tissues of animals at levels far higher than allowed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

At this point, however, the term “spent cow” does not mean anything formally.  But, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is at least considering making “spent cows” a category for special treatment.

The Meat Trade News Daily reports FSIS Administrator Alfred Almanza participated in an industry roundtable where he raised that possibility.  It would mean that “spent cows” could be slaughtered for meat for human consumption, but only for products that are cooked or canned.

“Spent cows” would not be used for raw beef products.

Under the Obama administration, FSIS may take a more risk-based approach to inspection and slaughter.  It would mean slaughterhouses would have to take into account the food safety risks associated with buying various types of animals.

The meat industry is likely to oppose limitations on “spent cows.”  Meat Trade News said older cows continue to have economic value; USDA’s existing rules prevent slaughter of non-ambulatory cattle, and there is no correlation between age and food safety.

Then there’s the experience USDA had with “spent-hens” meaning the 100 million egg-laying hens culled each year.  USA Today reported last December that USDA spent more than $145 million on spent-hen meat for the National School Lunch program.  It bought more than 77 million pounds of spent hen meat for chicken patties and salads.

About the only other markets for “spent hen” meat was for pet food and compost.

© Food Safety News
  • http://transmissiblespongiformencephalopathy.blogspot.com/ Terry S. Singeltary Sr.

    SPENT COWS, DEAD STOCK DOWNER COWS, DOWNER COWS, non-ambulatory COWS, should all be banned from the human and animal food chain due to risk of BSE. IF your not going test them, ban them.
    TEST, TEST, TEST !
    WHAT are they afraid of about testing ???
    10$ or 15$ per cow to BSE test, so what’s all the fuss ???
    COULD it be, they know what they will find ???
    Over the next 8-10 weeks, approximately 40% of all the adult mink on the farm died from TME.
    snip…
    The rancher was a ”dead stock” feeder using mostly (>95%) downer or dead dairy cattle…
    http://web.archive.org/web/20030516051623/http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/mb/m09/tab05.pdf
    Food Authorities Affected by Hallmark/Westland Meat Packing Co. Beef Recall February 2006 – February 2008
    http://www.fns.usda.gov/fns/safety/Hallmark-Westland_byState.pdf
    Members of The HSUS are also concerned about the meat products provided to their children through the National School Lunch Program. More than 31 million school children receive lunches through the program each school day. To assist states in providing healthful, low-cost or free meals, USDA provides states with various commodities including ground beef. As evidenced by the HallmarkNVestland investigation and recall, the potential for downed animals to make their way into the National School Lunch Program is neither speculative nor hypothetical.
    http://biotech.law.lsu.edu/cases/FDA/hsus-v-schafer-usda-complaint.pdf
    >>> In the papers, the government alleges the meatpacking plant slaughtered and processed downer cows for nearly four years — from January 2004 to September 2007 — at the average rate of one every six weeks…>> Up until about 6 years ago, the pt worked at Tyson foods where she worked on the assembly line, slaughtering cattle and preparing them for packaging. She was exposed to brain and spinal cord matter when she would euthanize the cattle. <<<
    http://cjdtexas.blogspot.com/2010/03/cjd-texas-38-year-old-female-worked.html
    TSS

  • http://fdafailedus.blogspot.com/2010/04/senator-kay-bailey-hutchison-says-no-to.html Terry S. Singeltary Sr.

    Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison says NO to safer food and S. 510 FDA Food Safety Modernization Act of 2009
    —– Original Message —–
    From: Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison
    To: flounder9@verizon.net
    Sent: Monday, April 12, 2010 12:30 PM
    Subject: Constituent Response From Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison
    Dear Friend:
    Thank you for contacting me regarding S. 510, the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act of 2009. I welcome your thoughts and comments.
    I believe that burdening our nation’s hardworking ranchers and farmers with excessive administrative fees, as well as cumbersome regulations, could adversely impact the agriculture community. Farmers and ranchers are stewards of the land. The agriculture they produce is their livelihood. The agriculture industry is a special and important part of the Texas way of life and must be protected. For that reason, I will not support any legislation that places bureaucratic and cumbersome regulations on our farmers and ranchers.
    On March 3, 2009, Senator Richard Durbin (D-IL) introduced S. 510, the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act. The bill amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) to expand the authority of the Secretary of Health and Human Services (the Secretary) to regulate food, including by authorizing the Secretary to suspend the registration of a food facility. It requires each food facility to evaluate hazards and implement preventive controls. It also directs the Secretary to assess and collect fees related to: (1) food facility reinspection; (2) food recalls; and (3) the voluntary qualified importer program.
    Currently, the bill has been placed on the Senate calendar for a later introduction date. Should this bill be brought for consideration before the full Senate, you may be certain I will keep your views in mind.
    I appreciate hearing from you, and I hope that you will not hesitate to contact me on any issue that is important to you.
    Sincerely, Kay Bailey Hutchison United States Senator
    284 Russell Senate Office Building Washington, DC 20510 202-224-5922 (tel) 202-224-0776 (fax) http://hutchison.senate.gov
    ======================END…TSS=================
    MORE BSe from Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison ;
    KAY BAILEY HUTCHISON TEXAS
    “United States Senate”
    WASHINGTON, DC 20510-4304
    June 15, 2004
    COMMITTEES:
    APPROPRIATIONS
    COMMERCE, SCIENCE AND TRANSPORTATION
    RULES AND ADMINISTRATION
    VETERANS’ AFFAIR;
    Mr. Terry S. Singeltary, Sr.
    PO Box 42
    Bacliff, TX 77518-0042
    Dear Mr. Singeltary:
    Thank you for contacting me regarding bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), also known as mad cow disease. I appreciate your views on this important issue.
    I share your concerns regarding BSE and understand the serious impact the disease would have on our state’s economy. With nearly fourteen million head of cattle, the Texas cattle industry represents nearly half of our state’s agricultural community.
    The quality of food in the U.S. is the highest in the world. We have some of the most stringent inspection laws, and no meat comes into the U.S. that is not up to our standards. Federal regulations in place for seventeen years have served to keep our food supply safe by prohibiting the importation of cattle from countries where BSE does exist.
    The Senate Agriculture Appropriations Bill for fiscal year 2004 provides $783.8 million in funding for the Food Safety Inspection Service. This is an increase of more than $29 million from fiscal year 2003. I am currently working, as a member of the Senate Appropriations Committee, to ensure funding for food safety and inspections is sufficient, and as the Agriculture Appropriations bill come before the full Senate for a vote, I will monitor this matter closely. I will continue to work with Texas farmers and ranchers to make sure that we are doing all we can to prevent BSE and other livestock diseases from affecting U.S. consumers and producers.
    I appreciate hearing from you and hope you will not hesitate to keep in touch on any issue of concern to you.
    Kay Bailey Hutchison
    KBH-ch =======
    ====================END…TSS=================
    now, let’s look at reality ;
    North Dakota Firm Recalls Whole Beef Head Products That Contain Prohibited Materials
    Recall Release CLASS II RECALL FSIS-RC-023-2010 HEALTH RISK: LOW
    Congressional and Public Affairs (202) 720-9113 Catherine Cochran
    WASHINGTON, April 5, 2010 – North American Bison Co-Op, a New Rockford, N.D., establishment is recalling approximately 25,000 pounds of whole beef heads containing tongues that may not have had the tonsils completely removed, which is not compliant with regulations that require the removal of tonsils from cattle of all ages, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced today.
    Tonsils are considered a specified risk material (SRM) and must be removed from cattle of all ages in accordance with FSIS regulations. SRMs are tissues that are known to contain the infective agent in cattle infected with Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), as well as materials that are closely associated with these potentially infective tissues. Therefore, FSIS prohibits SRMs from use as human food to minimize potential human exposure to the BSE agent.
    The product subject to recall includes: Various weight cases of “Beef Heads KEEP FROZEN.” Each case bears the establishment number “EST. 18859″ inside the USDA mark of inspection and a case code number “16999.” “North Dakota Natural Beef” is printed in the bottom left-hand corner of each label.
    The recalled products were produced between June 25, 2009, and February 19, 2010. These products were shipped to distribution centers in Md., Mich., and Minn. for further sale.
    The problem was discovered during FSIS inspection activities at the establishment. FSIS routinely conducts recall effectiveness checks to verify recalling firms notify their customers of the recall and that steps are taken to make certain that the product is no longer available to consumers.
    Media with questions about the recall should contact Philip Wicke, Vice President of Operations, at (701) 356-7723. Consumers with questions about the recall should contact Jeremy Anderson, Director of Customer Service, at (952) 545-2495.
    Consumers with food safety questions can “Ask Karen,” the FSIS virtual representative available 24 hours a day at AskKaren.gov. The toll-free USDA Meat and Poultry Hotline 1-888-MPHotline (1-888-674-6854) is available in English and Spanish and can be reached from l0 a.m. to 4 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday. Recorded food safety messages are available 24 hours a day. #
    http://www.fsis.usda.gov/News_&_Events/Recall_023_2010_Release/index.asp
    Thursday, June 26, 2008
    Texas Firm Recalls Cattle Heads That Contain Prohibited Materials
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2008/06/texas-firm-recalls-cattle-heads-that.html
    Tuesday, July 1, 2008
    Missouri Firm Recalls Cattle Heads That Contain Prohibited Materials SRMs
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2008/07/missouri-firm-recalls-cattle-heads-that.html
    Friday, August 8, 2008
    Texas Firm Recalls Cattle Heads That Contain Prohibited Materials SRMs 941,271 pounds with tonsils not completely removed
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2008/08/texas-firm-recalls-cattle-heads-that.html
    Saturday, April 5, 2008
    SRM MAD COW RECALL 406 THOUSAND POUNDS CATTLE HEADS WITH TONSILS KANSAS
    http://cjdmadcowbaseoct2007.blogspot.com/2008/04/srm-mad-cow-recall-406-thousand-pounds.html
    Wednesday, April 30, 2008
    Consumption of beef tongue: Human BSE risk associated with exposure to lymphoid tissue in bovine tongue in consideration of new research findings
    http://cjdmadcowbaseoct2007.blogspot.com/2008/04/consumption-of-beef-tongue-human-bse.html
    Sunday, October 18, 2009
    Wisconsin Firm Recalls Beef Tongues That Contain Prohibited Materials SRM WASHINGTON, October 17, 2009
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2009/10/wisconsin-firm-recalls-beef-tongues.html
    Thursday, October 15, 2009
    Nebraska Firm Recalls Beef Tongues That Contain Prohibited Materials SRM WASHINGTON, Oct 15, 2009
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2009/10/nebraska-firm-recalls-beef-tongues-that.html
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/
    http://madcowspontaneousnot.blogspot.com/
    10,000,000+ LBS. of PROHIBITED BANNED MAD COW FEED I.E. BLOOD LACED MBM IN COMMERCE USA 2007
    Date: March 21, 2007 at 2:27 pm PST
    RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETERINARY MEDICINES — CLASS II
    ___________________________________
    PRODUCT
    Bulk cattle feed made with recalled Darling’s 85% Blood Meal, Flash Dried, Recall # V-024-2007
    CODE
    Cattle feed delivered between 01/12/2007 and 01/26/2007
    RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
    Pfeiffer, Arno, Inc, Greenbush, WI. by conversation on February 5, 2007.
    Firm initiated recall is ongoing.
    REASON
    Blood meal used to make cattle feed was recalled because it was cross- contaminated with prohibited bovine meat and bone meal that had been manufactured on common equipment and labeling did not bear cautionary BSE statement.
    VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
    42,090 lbs.
    DISTRIBUTION
    WI
    ___________________________________
    PRODUCT
    Custom dairy premix products: MNM ALL PURPOSE Pellet, HILLSIDE/CDL Prot- Buffer Meal, LEE, M.-CLOSE UP PX Pellet, HIGH DESERT/ GHC LACT Meal, TATARKA, M CUST PROT Meal, SUNRIDGE/CDL PROTEIN Blend, LOURENZO, K PVM DAIRY Meal, DOUBLE B DAIRY/GHC LAC Mineral, WEST PIONT/GHC CLOSEUP Mineral, WEST POINT/GHC LACT Meal, JENKS, J/COMPASS PROTEIN Meal, COPPINI – 8# SPECIAL DAIRY Mix, GULICK, L-LACT Meal (Bulk), TRIPLE J – PROTEIN/LACTATION, ROCK CREEK/GHC MILK Mineral, BETTENCOURT/GHC S.SIDE MK-MN, BETTENCOURT #1/GHC MILK MINR, V&C DAIRY/GHC LACT Meal, VEENSTRA, F/GHC LACT Meal, SMUTNY, A- BYPASS ML W/SMARTA, Recall # V-025-2007
    CODE
    The firm does not utilize a code – only shipping documentation with commodity and weights identified.
    RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER
    Rangen, Inc, Buhl, ID, by letters on February 13 and 14, 2007. Firm initiated recall is complete.
    REASON
    Products manufactured from bulk feed containing blood meal that was cross contaminated with prohibited meat and bone meal and the labeling did not bear cautionary BSE statement.
    VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE
    9,997,976 lbs.
    DISTRIBUTION
    ID and NV
    END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR MARCH 21, 2007
    http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2007/ENF00996.html
    NEW URL
    http://www.fda.gov/Safety/Recalls/EnforcementReports/2007/ucm120446.htm
    Thursday, March 19, 2009
    MILLIONS AND MILLIONS OF POUNDS OF MAD COW FEED IN COMMERCE USA WITH ONGOING 12 YEARS OF DENIAL
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2009/03/millions-and-millions-of-pounds-of-mad.html
    Friday, September 4, 2009
    FOIA REQUEST ON FEED RECALL PRODUCT 429,128 lbs. feed for ruminant animals may have been contaminated with prohibited material Recall # V-258-2009
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2009/09/foia-request-on-feed-recall-product.html
    and all this was confirmed here ;
    C O N F I R M E D
    —– Original Message —–
    From: “Terry S. Singeltary Sr.”
    To:
    Sent: Thursday, November 05, 2009 9:25 PM
    Subject: [BSE-L] re-FOIA REQUEST ON FEED RECALL PRODUCT contaminated with prohibited material Recall # V-258-2009 and Recall # V-256-2009
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2009/11/re-foia-request-on-feed-recall-product.html
    Thursday, November 12, 2009
    BSE FEED RECALL Misbranding of product by partial label removal to hide original source of materials 2009
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2009/11/bse-feed-recall-misbranding-of-product.html
    Tuesday, March 2, 2010
    Animal Proteins Prohibited in Ruminant Feed/Adulterated/Misbranded Rangen Inc 2/11/10 USA
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2010/03/animal-proteins-prohibited-in-ruminant.html
    Monday, March 1, 2010
    ANIMAL PROTEIN I.E. MAD COW FEED IN COMMERCE A REVIEW 2010
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2010/03/animal-protien-ie-mad-cow-feed-in.html
    Monday, April 5, 2010
    Update on Feed Enforcement Activities to Limit the Spread of BSE April 5, 2010
    http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2010/04/update-on-feed-enforcement-activities.html
    The future public health threat of vCJD in the UK, Europe and potentially the rest of the world, is of concern and currently unquantifiable. However, the possibility of a significant and geographically diverse vCJD epidemic occurring over the next few decades cannot be dismissed. …
    http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2003/9241545887.pdf
    KEY WORK HERE IS ‘DIVERSE’.
    what does diverse mean ?
    adjective
    1.of a different kind, form, character, etc.; unlike: a wide range of diverse opinions.
    2. of various kinds or forms; multiform.
    1 : differing from one another : unlike
    2 : composed of distinct or unlike elements or qualities
    URGENT DATA ON ATYPICAL BSE RISK FACTORS TO HUMANS AND ANIMALS OIE REFUSE TO ACKNOWLEDGE $
    position: Post Doctoral Fellow | Atypical BSE in Cattle
    Closing date: December 24, 2009
    Anticipated start date: January/February 2010
    Employer: Canadian and OIE Reference Laboratories for BSE CFIA Lethbridge Laboratory, Lethbridge/Alberta
    snip…
    To date the OIE/WAHO assumes that the human and animal health standards set out in the BSE chapter for classical BSE (C-Type) applies to all forms of BSE which include the H-type and L-type atypical forms. This assumption is scientifically not completely justified and accumulating evidence suggests that this may in fact not be the case. Molecular characterization and the spatial distribution pattern of histopathologic lesions and immunohistochemistry (IHC) signals are used to identify and characterize atypical BSE. Both the L-type and H-type atypical cases display significant differences in the conformation and spatial accumulation of the disease associated prion protein (PrPSc) in brains of afflicted cattle. Transmission studies in bovine transgenic and wild type mouse models support that the atypical BSE types might be unique strains because they have different incubation times and lesion profiles when compared to C-type BSE. When L-type BSE was inoculated into ovine transgenic mice and Syrian hamster the resulting molecular fingerprint had changed, either in the first or a subsequent passage, from L-type into C-type BSE. In addition, non-human primates are specifically susceptible for atypical BSE as demonstrated by an approximately 50% shortened incubation time for L-type BSE as compared to C-type. Considering the current scientific information available, it cannot be assumed that these different BSE types pose the same human health risks as C-type BSE or that these risks are mitigated by the same protective measures.
    http://www.prionetcanada.ca/detail.aspx?menu=5&dt=293380&app=93&cat1=387&tp=20&lk=no&cat2
    Sunday, April 4, 2010
    USDA AND OIE OUT OF TOUCH WITH RISK FACTOR ON ATYPICAL TSE
    http://bseusa.blogspot.com/2010/04/usda-and-oie-out-of-touch-with-risk.html
    14th International Congress on Infectious Diseases H-type and L-type Atypical BSE January 2010 (special pre-congress edition)
    18.173 page 189
    Experimental Challenge of Cattle with H-type and L-type Atypical BSE
    A. Buschmann1, U. Ziegler1, M. Keller1, R. Rogers2, B. Hills3, M.H. Groschup1. 1Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany, 2Health Canada, Bureau of Microbial Hazards, Health Products & Food Branch, Ottawa, Canada, 3Health Canada, Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy Secretariat, Ottawa, Canada
    Background: After the detection of two novel BSE forms designated H-type and L-type atypical BSE the question of the pathogenesis and the agent distribution of these two types in cattle was fully open. From initial studies of the brain pathology, it was already known that the anatomical distribution of L-type BSE differs from that of the classical type where the obex region in the brainstem always displays the highest PrPSc concentrations. In contrast in L-type BSE cases, the thalamus and frontal cortex regions showed the highest levels of the pathological prion protein, while the obex region was only weakly involved.
    Methods:We performed intracranial inoculations of cattle (five and six per group) using 10%brainstemhomogenates of the two German H- and L-type atypical BSE isolates. The animals were inoculated under narcosis and then kept in a free-ranging stable under appropriate biosafety conditions.At least one animal per group was killed and sectioned in the preclinical stage and the remaining animals were kept until they developed clinical symptoms. The animals were examined for behavioural changes every four weeks throughout the experiment following a protocol that had been established during earlier BSE pathogenesis studies with classical BSE.
    Results and Discussion: All animals of both groups developed clinical symptoms and had to be euthanized within 16 months. The clinical picture differed from that of classical BSE, as the earliest signs of illness were loss of body weight and depression. However, the animals later developed hind limb ataxia and hyperesthesia predominantly and the head. Analysis of brain samples from these animals confirmed the BSE infection and the atypical Western blot profile was maintained in all animals. Samples from these animals are now being examined in order to be able to describe the pathogenesis and agent distribution for these novel BSE types. Conclusions: A pilot study using a commercially avaialble BSE rapid test ELISA revealed an essential restriction of PrPSc to the central nervous system for both atypical BSE forms. A much more detailed analysis for PrPSc and infectivity is still ongoing.
    http://www.isid.org/14th_icid/
    http://ww2.isid.org/Downloads/IMED2009_AbstrAuth.pdf
    http://www.isid.org/publications/ICID_Archive.shtml
    14th ICID International Scientific Exchange Brochure -
    Final Abstract Number: ISE.114
    Session: International Scientific Exchange
    Transmissible Spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) animal and human TSE in North America
    update October 2009
    T. Singeltary
    Bacliff, TX, USA
    Background:
    An update on atypical BSE and other TSE in North America. Please remember, the typical U.K. c-BSE, the atypical l-BSE (BASE), and h-BSE have all been documented in North America, along with the typical scrapie’s, and atypical Nor-98 Scrapie, and to date, 2 different strains of CWD, and also TME. All these TSE in different species have been rendered and fed to food producing animals for humans and animals in North America (TSE in cats and dogs ?), and that the trading of these TSEs via animals and products via the USA and Canada has been immense over the years, decades.
    Methods:
    12 years independent research of available data
    Results:
    I propose that the current diagnostic criteria for human TSEs only enhances and helps the spreading of human TSE from the continued belief of the UKBSEnvCJD only theory in 2009. With all the science to date refuting it, to continue to validate this old myth, will only spread this TSE agent through a multitude of potential routes and sources i.e. consumption, medical i.e., surgical, blood, dental, endoscopy, optical, nutritional supplements, cosmetics etc.
    Conclusion:
    I would like to submit a review of past CJD surveillance in the USA, and the urgent need to make all human TSE in the USA a reportable disease, in every state, of every age group, and to make this mandatory immediately without further delay. The ramifications of not doing so will only allow this agent to spread further in the medical, dental, surgical arena’s. Restricting the reporting of CJD and or any human TSE is NOT scientific. Iatrogenic CJD knows NO age group, TSE knows no boundaries. I propose as with Aguzzi, Asante, Collinge, Caughey, Deslys, Dormont, Gibbs, Gajdusek, Ironside, Manuelidis, Marsh, et al and many more, that the world of TSE Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy is far from an exact science, but there is enough proven science to date that this myth should be put to rest once and for all, and that we move forward with a new classification for human and animal TSE that would properly identify the infected species, the source species, and then the route.
    http://ww2.isid.org/Downloads/14th_ICID_ISE_Abstracts.pdf
    Wednesday, February 24, 2010
    Transmissible Spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) animal and human TSE in North America 14th
    ICID International Scientific Exchange Brochure -
    http://transmissiblespongiformencephalopathy.blogspot.com/2010/02/transmissible-spongiform-encephalopathy.html
    TSE
    http://transmissiblespongiformencephalopathy.blogspot.com/
    Atypical BSE, BSE, and other human and animal TSE in North America Update October 19, 2009
    snip…
    I ask Professor Kong ;
    Thursday, December 04, 2008 3:37 PM Subject: RE: re–Chronic Wating Disease (CWD) and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathies (BSE): Public Health Risk Assessment
    ”IS the h-BSE more virulent than typical BSE as well, or the same as cBSE, or less virulent than cBSE? just curious…..”
    Professor Kong reply ;
    …..snip
    ”As to the H-BSE, we do not have sufficient data to say one way or another, but we have found that H-BSE can infect humans. I hope we could publish these data once the study is complete.
    Thanks for your interest.”
    Best regards,
    Qingzhong Kong, PhD Associate Professor Department of Pathology Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, OH 44106 USA
    END…TSS
    I look forward to further transmission studies, and a true ENHANCED BSE/atypical BSE surveillance program put forth testing all cattle for human and animal consumption for 5 years. a surveillance program that uses the most sensitive TSE testing, and has the personnel that knows how to use them, and can be trusted. I look forward to a stringent mad cow feed ban being put forth, and then strictly enforced. we need a forced, not voluntary feed ban, an enhanced feed ban at that, especially excluding blood. we need some sort of animal traceability. no more excuses about privacy. if somebody is putting out a product that is killing folks and or has the potential to kill you, then everybody needs to know who they are, and where that product came from. same with hospitals, i think medical incidents in all states should be recorded, and made public, when it comes to something like a potential accidental transmission exposure event. so if someone is out there looking at a place to go have surgery done, if you have several hospitals having these type ‘accidental exposure events’, than you can go some place else. it only makes sense. somewhere along the road, the consumer lost control, and just had to take whatever they were given, and then charged these astronomical prices. some where along the line the consumer just lost interest, especially on a long incubating disease such as mad cow disease i.e. Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy. like i said before, there is much more to the mad cow story than bovines and eating a hamburger, we must start focusing on all TSE in all species. …TSS
    http://bse-atypical.blogspot.com/2009/10/atypical-bse-bse-and-other-human-and.html
    Wednesday, March 31, 2010
    Atypical BSE in Cattle
    http://bse-atypical.blogspot.com/2010/03/atypical-bse-in-cattle-position-post.html
    Wednesday, February 10, 2010
    NAIS MAD COW TRACEABILITY DUMPED BY USDA APHIS 2010
    http://naiscoolyes.blogspot.com/2010/02/nais-mad-cow-traceability-dumped-by.html
    Saturday, April 10, 2010
    TOYOTA VS MAD COW DISEASE USA OIE BSE MRR IMPORT AND EXPORT TRADE WARS
    http://usdameatexport.blogspot.com/2010/04/toyota-vs-mad-cow-disease-usa-oie-bse.html
    March 29, 2010
    CJD TEXAS 38 YEAR OLD FEMALE WORKED SLAUGHTERING CATTLE EXPOSED TO BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD MATTER
    http://www.recordandoalinda.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=19:cjd-english-info&catid=9:cjd-ingles&Itemid=8
    >>> Up until about 6 years ago, the pt worked at Tyson foods where she worked on the assembly line, slaughtering cattle and preparing them for packaging. She was exposed to brain and spinal cord matter when she would euthanize the cattle. 95%) downer or dead dairy cattle…
    http://web.archive.org/web/20030516051623/http://www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/mb/m09/tab05.pdf
    >>> In the papers, the government alleges the meatpacking plant slaughtered and processed downer cows for nearly four years — from January 2004 to September 2007 — at the average rate of one every six weeks…<<<
    http://downercattle.blogspot.com/2009/09/suit-meatpacker-used-downer-cows-for-4.html
    “The alleged misrepresentations by Hallmark and Westland could have impacted the health of many of our nation’s most vulnerable citizens–our schoolchildren,” said Tony West, Assistant Attorney General of the Justice Department’s Civil Division. “Our intervention in this case demonstrates how seriously we will pursue allegations such as these.”
    http://downercattle.blogspot.com/2009/05/us-government-sues-westlandhallmark.html
    Members of The HSUS are also concerned about the meat products provided to their children through the National School Lunch Program. More than 31 million school children receive lunches through the program each school day. To assist states in providing healthful, low-cost or free meals, USDA provides states with various commodities including ground beef. As evidenced by the HallmarkNVestland investigation and recall, the potential for downed animals to make their way into the National School Lunch Program is neither speculative nor hypothetical.
    http://biotech.law.lsu.edu/cases/FDA/hsus-v-schafer-usda-complaint.pdf
    SEE IF ANY OF YOUR CHILDREN WERE EXPOSED TO THE MOST HIGH RISK CATTLE FOR MAD COW DISEASE HERE ;
    Beef – Westland/Hallmark Recall OF BEEF WITH DEADSTOCK DOWNER COWS, THE MOST HIGH RISK CATTLE FOR BSE/TSE AKA MAD COW DISEASE
    Additional Products Listing 5-20-08
    http://www.cdph.ca.gov/pubsforms/Documents/fdb%20eru%20Hmrk%20Addl%20Prod052008.pdf
    http://www.cdph.ca.gov/HEALTHINFO/Pages/FDB%20Beef-WestlandHallmarkRecall.aspx
    TOTAL DISTRIBUTION LIST
    http://www.cdph.ca.gov/pubsforms/Documents/fdb%20eru%20Hmrk%20All%20Dist042008.pdf
    ADDITIONAL PRODUCTS CONTAINING RECALLED BEEF
    http://www.cdph.ca.gov/pubsforms/Documents/fdb%20eru%20Hmrk%20Addl%20Prod052008.pdf
    SEE FULL LIST OF ALL RECALLED SUSPECT DEAD STOCK DOWNER COW PRODUCTS HERE ;
    http://www.cdph.ca.gov/HEALTHINFO/Pages/FDB%20Beef-WestlandHallmarkRecall.aspx
    2008 – 2010
    The statistical incidence of CJD cases in the United States has been revised to reflect that there is one case per 9000 in adults age 55 and older. Eighty-five percent of the cases are sporadic, meaning there is no known cause at present.
    http://www.cjdfoundation.org/fact.html
    CJD USA RISING, with UNKNOWN PHENOTYPE ;
    5 Includes 41 cases in which the diagnosis is pending, and 17 inconclusive cases; 6 Includes 46 cases with type determination pending in which the diagnosis of vCJD has been excluded.
    http://www.cjdsurveillance.com/pdf/case-table.pdf
    Saturday, January 2, 2010
    Human Prion Diseases in the United States January 1, 2010 ***FINAL***
    http://prionunitusaupdate2008.blogspot.com/2010/01/human-prion-diseases-in-united-states.html
    my comments to PLosone here ;
    http://www.plosone.org/annotation/listThread.action?inReplyTo=info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fannotation%2F04ce2b24-613d-46e6-9802-4131e2bfa6fd&root=info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fannotation%2F04ce2b24-613d-46e6-9802-4131e2bfa6fd
    IF ANY OF YOUR CHILDREN, and or your loved ones, go down with a mad cow disease i.e. CJD and or the Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy and or the PRION disease, either typical or atypical, just call up the Good Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison from Texas and thank her, because she said she did NOT want to BURDEN our Nation’s hardworking Ranchers and Farmers $$$
    ” I believe that burdening our nation’s hardworking ranchers and farmers with excessive administrative fees, as well as cumbersome regulations, could adversely impact the agriculture community. Farmers and ranchers are stewards of the land. The agriculture they produce is their livelihood. The agriculture industry is a special and important part of the Texas way of life and must be protected. For that reason, I will not support any legislation that places bureaucratic and cumbersome regulations on our farmers and ranchers. ”
    Subject: USDA OIG SEMIANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS FY 2007 1st Half (bogus BSE sampling FROM HEALTHY USDA CATTLE) Date: June 21, 2007 at 2:49 pm PST
    Owner and Corporation Plead Guilty to Defrauding Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Surveillance Program
    An Arizona meat processing company and its owner pled guilty in February 2007 to charges of theft of Government funds, mail fraud, and wire fraud. The owner and his company defrauded the BSE Surveillance Program when they falsified BSE Surveillance Data Collection Forms and then submitted payment requests to USDA for the services. In addition to the targeted sample population (those cattle that were more than 30 months old or had other risk factors for BSE), the owner submitted to USDA, or caused to be submitted, BSE obex (brain stem) samples from healthy USDA-inspected cattle. As a result, the owner fraudulently received approximately $390,000. Sentencing is scheduled for May 2007.
    snip…
    Topics that will be covered in ongoing or planned reviews under Goal 1 include:
    soundness of BSE maintenance sampling (APHIS),
    implementation of Performance-Based Inspection System enhancements for specified risk material (SRM) violations and improved inspection controls over SRMs (FSIS and APHIS),
    snip…
    The findings and recommendations from these efforts will be covered in future semiannual reports as the relevant audits and investigations are completed.
    4 USDA OIG SEMIANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS FY 2007 1st Half
    http://www.usda.gov/oig/webdocs/sarc070619.pdf
    -MORE Office of the United States Attorney District of Arizona FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE For Information Contact Public Affairs February 16, 2007 WYN HORNBUCKLE Telephone: (602) 514-7625 Cell: (602) 525-2681
    CORPORATION AND ITS PRESIDENT PLEAD GUILTY TO DEFRAUDING GOVERNMENT’S MAD COW DISEASE SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM
    PHOENIX — Farm Fresh Meats, Inc. and Roland Emerson Farabee, 55, of Maricopa, Arizona, pleaded guilty to stealing $390,000 in government funds, mail fraud and wire fraud, in federal district court in Phoenix. U.S. Attorney Daniel Knauss stated, “The integrity of the system that tests for mad cow disease relies upon the honest cooperation of enterprises like Farm Fresh Meats. Without that honest cooperation, consumers both in the U.S. and internationally are at risk. We want to thank the USDA’s Office of Inspector General for their continuing efforts to safeguard the public health and enforce the law.” Farm Fresh Meats and Farabee were charged by Information with theft of government funds, mail fraud and wire fraud. According to the Information, on June 7, 2004, Farabee, on behalf of Farm Fresh Meats, signed a contract with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (the “USDA Agreement”) to collect obex samples from cattle at high risk of mad cow disease (the “Targeted Cattle Population”). The Targeted Cattle Population consisted of the following cattle: cattle over thirty months of age; nonambulatory cattle; cattle exhibiting signs of central nervous system disorders; cattle exhibiting signs of mad cow disease; and dead cattle. Pursuant to the USDA Agreement, the USDA agreed to pay Farm Fresh Meats $150 per obex sample for collecting obex samples from cattle within the Targeted Cattle Population, and submitting the obex samples to a USDA laboratory for mad cow disease testing. Farm Fresh Meats further agreed to maintain in cold storage the sampled cattle carcasses and heads until the test results were received by Farm Fresh Meats.
    Evidence uncovered during the government’s investigation established that Farm Fresh Meats and Farabee submitted samples from cattle outside the Targeted Cattle Population. Specifically, Farm Fresh Meats and Farabee submitted, or caused to be submitted, obex samples from healthy, USDA inspected cattle, in order to steal government moneys.
    Evidence collected also demonstrated that Farm Fresh Meats and Farabee failed to maintain cattle carcasses and heads pending test results and falsified corporate books and records to conceal their malfeasance. Such actions, to the extent an obex sample tested positive (fortunately, none did), could have jeopardized the USDA’s ability to identify the diseased animal and pinpoint its place of origin. On Wednesday, February 14, 2007, Farm Fresh Meats and Farabee pleaded guilty to stealing government funds and using the mails and wires to effect the scheme. According to their guilty pleas:
    (a) Farm Fresh Meats collected, and Farabee directed others to collect, obex samples from cattle outside the Targeted Cattle Population, which were not subject to payment by the USDA;
    (b) Farm Fresh Meats 2 and Farabee caused to be submitted payment requests to the USDA knowing that the requests were based on obex samples that were not subject to payment under the USDA Agreement;
    (c) Farm Fresh Meats completed and submitted, and Farabee directed others to complete and submit, BSE Surveillance Data Collection Forms to the USDA’s testing laboratory that were false and misleading;
    (d) Farm Fresh Meats completed and submitted, and Farabee directed others to complete and submit, BSE Surveillance Submission Forms filed with the USDA that were false and misleading;
    (e) Farm Fresh Meats falsified, and Farabee directed others to falsify, internal Farm Fresh Meats documents to conceal the fact that Farm Fresh Meats was seeking and obtaining payment from the USDA for obex samples obtained from cattle outside the Targeted Cattle Population; and
    (f) Farm Fresh Meats failed to comply with, and Farabee directed others to fail to comply with, the USDA Agreement by discarding cattle carcasses and heads prior to receiving BSE test results. A conviction for theft of government funds carries a maximum penalty of 10 years imprisonment. Mail fraud and wire fraud convictions carry a maximum penalty of 20 years imprisonment. Convictions for the above referenced violations also carry a maximum fine of $250,000 for individuals and $500,000 for organizations. In determining an actual sentence, Judge Earl H. Carroll will consult the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines, which provide appropriate sentencing ranges. The judge, however, is not bound by those guidelines in determining a sentence.
    Sentencing is set before Judge Earl H. Carroll on May 14, 2007. The investigation in this case was conducted by Assistant Special Agent in Charge Alejandro Quintero, United States Department of Agriculture, Office of Inspector General. The prosecution is being handled by Robert Long, Assistant U.S. Attorney, District of Arizona, Phoenix. CASE NUMBER: CR-07-00160-PHX-EHC RELEASE NUMBER: 2007-051(Farabee) # # #
    http://www.usdoj.gov/usao/az/press_releases/2007/2007-051(Farabee).pdf
    http://madcowtesting.blogspot.com/2009/02/report-on-testing-ruminants-for-tses-in.html
    Saturday, April 10, 2010
    TOYOTA VS MAD COW DISEASE USA OIE BSE MRR IMPORT AND EXPORT TRADE WARS
    http://usdameatexport.blogspot.com/2010/04/toyota-vs-mad-cow-disease-usa-oie-bse.html
    Can you say TOYOTA. IT is a sad day when trade trumps human and animal health. as the case with the BSE MRR policy. Behind closed doors, the BSe spin machine is working i.e. Vilsack saying that ‘The U.S. has had no cases in the last three years, and only three in two decades.’ i can tell you with absolute certainty, that is only part of the story. i can tell you that in fact, the USDA BSE surveillance and testing have failed the consumer here in the USA, and abroad, and that we have been exposed to the TSE agent, i.e. USA atypical BSE, which laboratory studies show is more virulent. i can tell you with absolute certainty they infamous June 2004 enhanced BSE surveillance program, where some 800,000+ cattle were tested over many years of testing, was fraught with fraud, and in short, a failed program, and proven to be so by the GAO and the OIG, where it was proven that some of the testing program was using perfectly healthy cattle in their BSE testing program. Where some 9,200+ BSE test on suspect questionable cattle, only the IHC test were used. THE IHC is the least likely test to find BSE. IT only tells you if that part of the tissue sample is in fact infected or not, but it does not tell you about the rest of the brain. By only using the IHC, you miss many cases (Detwiler et al 2003 BSE ROUNDTABLE). i can tell you with absolute certainty, that when pressed, the USDA et al will say that even if we are missing cases of BSE, that the BSE mad cow feed ban of August 4, 1997, will stop BSE, but the ban was nothing more than ink on paper. This mad cow feed ban was only partial and voluntary. i can tell you with absolute certainty that in 2010, since 8/4/97, banned mad cow feed is in commerce here in the USA, BY THE TONS. i can tell you with absolute certainty, that when the BSE MRR policy was put in place, that this exposed everyone around the globe with the TSE agent, either by consumption and or friendly fire there from, and that decision was based NOT on science, but on trade. i can tell you with absolute certainty, that SINCE the USDA and the NSLP did in fact expose our children across the Nation with BSE via the NSLP USDA DEAD STOCK DOWNER COW SCHOOL LUNCH PROGRAM, that if they are capable of this, they are capable of exposing any person, in any country with the BSE TSE agent. North America has documented the so called typical c-BSE, l-BSE, and h-BSE. typical scrapie strains are rampant in the USA in sheep and goats, and the atypical Nor-98 scrapie is spreading, and CWD in deer and elk is spreading, with now documented a 2nd strain, and two strains of TME in mink. all this over the years have been fed back to food producing animals for animals and humans. Confucius ask, IF USA sheep Scrapie transmitted to USA cattle does not produce the same pathology as the U.K. c-BSE, why then would human CJD there from look like the U.K. nvCJD ??? what the USA has done defies all science and logic i.e. NO MAD COW DISEASE and or any human TSE there from. Either the BSE Mad Cow outbreak and human infection nvCJD there from, that happened in the U.K. was totally false, or the same thing is happening in the USA as we speak. sCJD of unknown phenotypes are rising in the USA. sporadic CJD is not a single strain, but multiple strains of unknown routes and sources of the TSE agent. IF the federal government can lie for almost a century about asbestos, and or tobacco, just to protect those two industry giants, i can guarantee you that they are doing it with mad cow type disease i.e. Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy. or just ask the Indians. …TSS
    full text ;
    http://usdameatexport.blogspot.com/2010/04/toyota-vs-mad-cow-disease-usa-oie-bse.html
    stupid is, as stupid does, and you just can’t fix stupid $$$
    Still Disgusted in Sunny Bacliff, Texas
    Terry S. Singeltary Sr.
    P.O. Box 42
    Bacliff, Texas USA 77518
    Monday, April 12, 2010
    Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison says NO to safer food and S. 510 FDA Food Safety Modernization Act of 2009
    http://fdafailedus.blogspot.com/2010/04/senator-kay-bailey-hutchison-says-no-to.html